‘Indigenous Sovereignty in the 21st Century: Knowledge for the Indigenous Spring’
“I wrote this book out of frustration. Many Native Nation leaders seem to be intent on giving away as much sovereignty as they possibly can. Simultaneously, young Native activists are correctly pushing for answers. I’d like this book to serve as a foundation for defending Indigenous sovereignty in the 21st century. Our challenges involve stopping resource extraction and defending water rights as well as Mother Earth herself. This book should highlight the following: 1) The definition of Indigenous Sovereignty from the Indigenous point of view and from the colonial actor point of view which is more commonly known today as military alliance treaty making; 2) A short analysis demonstrating how treaty making and breaking is consistent with the U.S. wish to extinguish Indigenous sovereignty; 3) A short analysis of U.S. domestic policy that systematically wrapped up Indigenous Nations within the U.S. institutions and economies. In other words, Federal Indian Law and Policy was used to eliminate international mechanisms and replace them with domestic mechanisms; 4) An analysis of the Marshall Court as John Marshall set’s up the Four Normative Assumptions of Federal Indian Law and Policy while setting up a platform to promote federalism over states rights; 5) An analysis of the Rehnquist Court as he carries out judicial termination and solidifying the Canons of Destruction; 6) Quantitative evidence of the Rehnquist Court diminishing Indigenous sovereignty at alarming rates; 7) A reminder that Aboriginal Title is the original racial and ethnic entitlement.”
‘Guided by the Mountains: Navajo Political Philosophy and Governance’
“This research reviews Diné governance with an eye towards forecasting reform. What do traditional Diné institutions of governance offer to our understanding of the contemporary challenges faced by the Navajo Nation today and tomorrow? The research is part history, and part political science while pioneering applications of cutting edge research methods. Primary and secondary research will detail where Navajo Nation has been. Diné history is explored via creation stories, the Naachid system, and the various contemporary councils. Unclear aspects of Diné history are illuminated by relying on oral accounts. Analysis pinpoints what is missing in governance today while questioning whether looking to the past alone will help make governance work better tomorrow. Sometimes adopting traditional Diné governance institutions is not feasible, not wanted, or not possible. New methodological territory offers insight when the past and the future do not work well together. The concept building method is utilized as a way of mitigating the loss that occurs when English words fail to capture the essence of Navajo language. Concepts organic to Navajo culture such as Naachid, Naat’aanii, War Naat’aanii, Peace Naat’aanii, etc, are turned to for assistance in dealing with contemporary issues. Navajo concepts are represented in three-level-view depictions. Three-level-view expressions require that concepts be observed on three-levels. Level one is the name. Under the name level are the set of necessary and sufficient conditions which must be present or you do not have an actual concept. Under each of the conditions are the data/observations which must be present in order to verify that the condition is present. Concept building displays where Navajo Nation has been in order to better understand where Navajo Nation needs to go. The visual presentation of traditional concepts of Diné governance makes them more understandable. Interestingly, when the concept building method is applied to post 1922 Diné governance, the true motives of the United States become obvious. A clearer path is presented toward incorporating chapter house government into national government. Developing contemporary concepts of Navajo governance based on traditional teachings equips us to deal with contemporary issues.”
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